Displacement and Lived Experiences of Citizenship of Bengali and Afghan refugee in Pakistan

This article explores the challenges faced by Bengali and Afghan refugees in Pakistan who, despite residing in the country for decades, are denied birthright citizenship and associated rights. The lack of identity cards becomes a tool for discrimination, leaving these communities vulnerable and excluded from essential services. The piece delves into the complexities of Pakistan’s citizenship laws, detailing the hurdles faced by refugees in navigating legal procedures. Despite Prime Minister Imran Khan’s pledge to implement existing laws for granting citizenship, opposition from the military and geopolitical complexities hinder progress. The article calls for prioritizing the needs of Afghan and Bengali refugees, emphasizing collaboration with international organizations to address legal identification and protection within the framework of Pakistan’s constitution.

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Program and Research Assistant


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